The Founders warned against factions, probably because they were expected to waste energy in disputation, rather than getting the people’s business done. As it happened, partisans conspired to ignore the interests of the people entirely to promote their own hegemony. The parties, being extra-legal entities that have wrangled a position of importance for themselves without benefit for the polis are now fixated on perpetuating themselves. What is not enough discussed is that the percentage of unaffiliated voters is larger than of either Democrats or Republicans. From the perspective of party operatives, the electorate is the enemy. What was significant about the Georgia special Senate election was that therewere 21 candidates in the first round. Manipulation occurs at the candidate selection level.